An endometrial biopsy is a way for your doctor to check for problems in your uterus. That’s the pear-shaped organ in your lower belly that holds a baby during pregnancy.

The procedure takes just a few minutes and is often done in your doctor’s office. It’s very safe.

Who Gets This Test?

Your doctor may do this type of biopsy if your Pap test shows that you have “precancerous” cells in your uterus. She could also suggest one if you have any of these symptoms:

  1. Heavy or long periods
  2. Periods that don’t come at the same time every month
  3. No periods
  4. Bleeding after menopause
  5. Bleeding after taking a breast cancer drug called tamoxifen
  6. A thickened uterine lining
  7. An endometrial biopsy can’t fix or stop any of these symptoms. But it can help your doctor learn what may be wrong.

What Happens
Most of the time, you can get this test done in your doctor’s office. You won’t need anesthesia, but your doctor may suggest you take an over-the-counter pain reliever 30 minutes before your visit.